John 1:14 says, “The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.” As he so often does, John is able to pack a lot of meaning into one short verse.
He begins by calling Jesus “the Word.” This translates the Greek word, “logos,” and continues John’s description of Jesus as existing with God before all things, being part of God, and being the Agent through Whom God created all things. This aligns perfectly with the creation account from Genesis, where every time God creates, He does so through the spoken Word – “And God SAID, ‘Let there be light;’ ‘And God SAID, ‘Let the waters be divided,’ ‘And God SAID, ‘Let us make humans in our image,'” and God SAID, and God SAID, and God SAID. It was through His Word that He created, so John reflects this by poetically referring to Jesus as “The Word,” communicating a powerful message to his Jewish readers who would have undoubtedly made that connection.
But he was also communicating a message to his Gentile readers, because the Stoic philosophers believed there was a power behind the creation, a divine Mind that brought all things into existence. They called this creation power “The Logos.” So John says, yep, you guys were right about that, and His name is Jesus.
In verse 14, he says that this Mind, this Power, this Logos, became human. He doesn’t say that He took on some human attributes, or appeared as if He were human. No, John stresses the unimaginable mystery that God became man, that the Eternal One became subject to time, that the Creator became part of the creation. See John 17:5, Philippians 2:7, and Colossians 2:9.
Then, he says, something even more remarkable happened: that “Word Now Flesh” came to live among other humans. I love how The Message paraphrases it: “He moved into the neighborhood.” What had been the Other, divine and unapproachable, is now next door, and we can sit with Him and share a cup of coffee and enjoy His presence.
In Mere Christianity, C.S. Lewis described it this way: “Enemy-occupied territory – that is what this world is. Christianity is the story of how the rightful king has landed, you might say landed in disguise, and is calling us all to take part in a great campaign of sabotage. When you go to church you are really listening in to the secret wireless from our friends: that is why the enemy is so anxious to prevent us from going.”
But there’s another aspect to this as well. The word that John uses for “dwelt” is a form of the Greek word “skeine” – a tent. This why some translations use the phrase, “He pitched His tent among us.” It was used in the Greek translation of the Old Testament to refer to the Tabernacle.
And THAT connection points us to the Shekinah – the visible, glowing presence of God being among His people. This visible glory of God is seen in Exodus 33:18, Isaiah 6:1-5, and elsewhere. It comes from the Hebrew root Sh-K-N, which means “to dwell.” Another word from the same root is mishkan, which means a tent.
Matthew, Mark and Luke all tell us about one occasion when Jesus took Peter, James and John with Him to “a high mountain” – probably Mt. Hermon, along the Syrian border, in the area now called the Golan Heights. There, Jesus was “transfigured” before them. His clothes became white, “whiter than any bleach can brighten,” and His appearance began to glow, brighter than any lightning – see Matthew 17:1-8. Although John does not tell us this story in his gospel, I have no doubt that the memory was on his mind as he wrote this, and how he saw the Shekinah in bodily form, right before his eyes. See also 2 Corinthians 3:18.
At the end of the “Valley of Dry Bones” story in Ezekiel 37, God says,
“24 “‘My servant David will be king over them, and they will all have one shepherd. They will follow my laws and be careful to keep my decrees. 25 They will live in the land I gave to my servant Jacob, the land where your ancestors lived. They and their children and their children’s children will live there forever, and David my servant will be their prince forever. 26 I will make a covenant of peace with them; it will be an everlasting covenant. I will establish them and increase their numbers, and I will put my sanctuary among them forever. 27 My dwelling place will be with them; I will be their God, and they will be my people. 28 Then the nations will know that I the Lord make Israel holy, when my sanctuary is among them forever.’”
There’s a lot going on here – God’s promise to put a new David on the throne, the promise of one shepherd, the promise that they will inherit the land God swore to give them, and more. But I want you to notice that the word in verse 27 translated “dwelling place” is mishkan – again, from the same root as Shekinah.
John is telling us that Jesus is the true and ultimate fulfillment of the promise made through Isaiah hundreds of years earlier, of Immanuel – God with us (Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:23). Jesus, John says, is the genuine Sh-K-N, the dwelling of God in our midst, the culmination of prophecy, and the fulfillment of our hopes. See also Hebrews 1:3, and also Revelation 7:15, where God promises to shelter us with His “presence.”
And finally, consider Isaiah 25:6-9, where God promises to host a banquet of the choicest of foods and the finest of wines. He promises to “rip away” the shroud of death that has ensnared and terrified us, and to “wipe away every tear” from our eyes. Obviously, to “host” a banquet implies the presence of the one doing the hosting. It is the Presence of God, in and through the Person of Jesus, as well as His victory over death (1 Corinthians 15:57) that Isaiah foresees here.
Revelation 21 gives us a glimpse of when this will be accomplished once and for all:
Then I saw “a new heaven and a new earth,” for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. 2 I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Look! God’s dwelling place is now among the people, and he will dwell with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. 4 ‘He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death’ or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.” 5 He who was seated on the throne said, “I am making everything new!” Then he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.” 6 He said to me: “It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To the thirsty I will give water without cost from the spring of the water of life. 7 Those who are victorious will inherit all this, and I will be their God and they will be my children.
What does all this mean? God moved into the neighborhood. He wants to be with us – and He wants us to be with Him. He became the first “intentional neighbor,” and proved once and for all that people matter to Him. By sharing in our humanity, Jesus demonstrates what it means to live as a human; more importantly, He shows us how God expects us to live. It’s NOT about keeping some list of “do’s and don’t’s.” It IS about how we love one another, how we care for the least among us, how we reach out to the poor, the needy, the marginalized and the disenfranchised.
The King of the universe, lying in a feeding trough. The All-Powerful One, needing His diapers changed. It demonstrates a central truth that Jesus taught: When we let go, we gain. When we lose, we win. When we die, we live.
God in our midst.
Quotations from the New International Version®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.